The Eleven Extant Prints
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Kinnō bunka shin kōkai [Society for the Promotion of Loyalist Culture]
Markings Appearing in Print Margins
Of the four markings below, the seal of the Society for the Promotion of Loyalist Culture appears in the bottom of the right margin on each of this collection's print. The seal of the publisher Watanabe Shōzaburō appears in the left margin of two of the prints, the "nagaya saku" seal appears on four prints and the "sekioka saku" seal appears on one print. The nagaya saku and seikoka saku seals never appear on the same print and never appear on prints bearing the Watanabe seal.
A Brief Overview of the Historical Events and Figures Depicted
Prints in the Collection
Brief Profiles of the Artists
Arai Shōri 新井勝利 (1895-1972)
Japanese-style (yamato-e) painter who specialized in historical painting. Born in present day Chuo ward in Tokyo, his was father was an art dealer. He studied Japanese-style painting under Kajita Hanko 梶田半古 (1870-1917) and later under Yasuda Yukihiko 安田靫彦 (1884-1978), an important figure in nihonga (a modern Japanese style of painting). In 1915 he became a researcher 研究員 at the Nihon bijutsuin 日本美術院 (Japan Fine Art Academy; a.k.a. Japan Art Institute) and in 1941 he became a member, later serving as a trustee, of the Academy. During the war he worked as a military painter going to the major war theaters, including accompanying the naval task force sent to attack Pearl Harbor. Following the war, he taught at the Soshin Girl’s School and Tama Art University.
Hasegawa Roka 長谷川路可 (1897-1967)
Born in Fujisawa ( Kanagawa Prefecture ), he died on July 3, 1967 in Rome. He gained international recognition for his mosaics and paintings at religious and secular sites in Italy. Baptized while attending a Catholic junior high school, he graduated from the Japanese-style (yamato-e) painting department of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1921. After graduation he went to Europe to study fresco painting, returning to Japan in 1927 and becoming a member of the Shinko Yamato-e kai (New Yamato-e Painting Society). He exhibited with both the government sponsored Teiten and Inten and was to spend many years in Italy, receiving honorary citizenship of Rome. He was known as a scholar of history of costume. He is also known by the name Hasegawa Luke, Luke being his Christian given name.
Sources: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasegawa_Roka; A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 40.
Ikegami Shūho 池上 秀畝 (1874-1944)
Born in Nagano Prefecture, Ikegami was a Japanese-style (yamato-e) painter who studied under Araki Kanpo 荒木寛畝 (1831-1915). His father was a Shijō School painter. He exhibited at the government sponsored Bunten exhibition, winning a third prize in 1914 and the special prize in 1916 and 1917. He was appointed a judge of Teiten Exhibitions in 1933. He excelled at both landscape and bird-and-flower paintings.
Sources: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasegawa_Roka; A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 52.
Isoda Chōshū 磯田長秋 (1880-1947)
A nihonga painter, he first studied under a minor Kanō school painter and later under Kobori Tomone (1881-1968) of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts, a yamato-e painter, famous for his historical works...
Kamoshita Chōkō 鴨下晁湖 (1890-1967)
Japanese style (yamato-e) painter, born in Tokyo, who lived in Kyoto. He studied Japanese-style historical painting with Matsumoto Fūko 松本楓湖 (1840-1923) at the Tokyo School of Fine Arts. He exhibited at the government sponsored Bunten and Teiten. An illustrator of books and magazines, he created a number of designs for woodblock prints including contributions to the patriotic series Gishi Taikan, published by Gishikai Shuppanbu in 1920-1921, and the series New Ukiyō-e Beauties, published by the Publication Society of Shin Ukiyō-e Bijin Awase, c. 1918.
Sources: A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 67; Guide to Modern Japanese Woodblock Prints: 1900-1975, Helen Merritt, University of Hawaii Press, 1992. p. 53
Katayama Nanpū 堅山南風 (1887-1980)
A nihonga painter born in Kumamoto Prefecture, he moved to Tokyo in 1910 to become the student of Takahashi Kōko 髙橋廣湖 (1875-1912). He is best known for his paintings of historical subjects. Later he became a student of the famous Yokoyama Taikan 横山大観 (1868-1958), the artist credited with revitalizing traditional Japanese painting through nihonga, who paved Katayama's way into the seventh government sponsored Bunten exhibition of 1913, where Katayama won fame for his approach to historical painting, being awarded a second prize for his work Shimotsuki goro 霜月ごろ ("Around November"). In 1914 he was made a member of the Japan Fine Art Academy (Nihon bijutsuin). In 1916 he travelled to India spending three months sketching. In 1958 he was made a member of the Japan Art Academy (Nihon geijutsu-in) and he received the Order of Cultural Merit in 1968.
Sources: Nihonga Transcending the Past: Japanese-Style Painting, 1869-1968, Ellen P. Conant, Weatherhill, 1995, p. 303; A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 70; Biographical Dictionary of Japanese Art, Yutaka Tazawa, Kodansha International, Ltd. in collaboration with the International Society for Educational Information, Inc., 1981, p. 134; "Ruptures and Continuity in Pan-Asianism: New Insights into India-Japan Artistic Exchanges in the first half of the Twentieth Century", Eve Loh Kazuhara, National University of Singapore; https://shop.shibunkaku.co.jp/english/shop/g/g5145/
Kawabune (Kawafune) Misao 川船水棹 (1887-1980)
A Japanese-style Tosa school painter, born in the Nihonbashi section of Tokyo. In 1904 he began to study Tosa school painting under Kobori Tomone 小堀鞆音 (1864-1931). In 1907 he joined the Kōjikai (dedicated to yamato-e painting) formed by Yasuda Yukihiko 安田靭彦 (1884-1978) and Isoda Chōshū 磯田長秋 (1880-1947). His painting was accepted into the government sponsored Bunten in 1915 and he went on to regularly participate in the Teiten and Shin Bunten exhibitions, making a name for himself as a master of historical painting.
Koyama Eitatsu 小山栄達 (1880-1945)
A Japanese-style (yamato-e) painter born in Tokyo, Eitatsu studied first with the Western-style painter Honda Kinkichirō 本多錦吉郎 (1850-1921), then with the Japanese-style painter Kobori Tomone 小堀鞆音 (1864-1931). A member of the Kōjikai and Jitsugetsukai, he exhibited and received prizes at the Fifth Naikoku Kangyo Harkurankai (Japanese Domestic Industrial Exhibition, 1903), Nihon Bijutsu Kyokai, Nihon bijutsuin, Bunten and the Teiten.
Sources: A Dictionary of Japanese Artists: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics, Prints, Lacquer, Laurance P. Roberts, Weatherhill, 1976, p. 93; https://www.bonhams.com/auctions/22814/lot/252/
Ōta Chōu 太田聴雨 (1896-1958)
A Japanese-style painter, he became a pupil of Kawabata Gyokushō (1842-1913), a Japanese-style Shijō painter, at the age of 13 and in 1927 he began studying with Maeda Seison (1885-1977), a leading proponent of nihonga...
Shimada Bokusen 島田墨仙 (1867-1943)
Son and pupil of Maruyama school painter Shimada Sekkoku (1828-1884), he was to go on to study with Hashimoto Gahō (1835-1908) a Kanō school painter who was instrumental in the development of a new type of national painting called nihonga...
Suzuki Sujaku 鈴木朱雀 (1891-1972)
Born in Tokyo, he studied under the Japanese-style (yamato-e) painter Noda Kyūho 野田九浦 (1879-1971) at the Kawabata School of Painting. He is best remembered for his medal winning watercolor titled Classic Horse Race, shown at the 1936 Berlin Olympics Art Competition. Starting in 1920, he exhibited at the government sponsored Teiten and in 1924 he began exhibiting at Kōdosha (a private academy established by Noda.) After the war, he exhibited at the government sponsored Nitten. He was a member of the Japan Fine Arts Association (Nihon Bijutsu Kyokai 日本美術協會). During his career he painted portraits of historical figures and also illustrated for books and magazines.
Sources: https://www.tobunken.go.jp/materials/?s=%E9%87%8E%E7%94%B0%E4%B9%9D%E6%B5%A6&post_type%5B%5D=bukko; https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%88%B4%E6%9C%A8%E6%9C%B1%E9%9B%80; https://www.ndl.go.jp/kaleido/e/entry/15/3.html