Cover of Women's Club (婦人俱樂部 / Fujin kurabu), July 1939 Supplement: "Children's Health, Family Happiness, Children's Energy, National Strength Training Method, Cavities, Tuberculosis."
A color lithograph patriotic fan sample print, likely created between 1937 and 1941 during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), depicting two young children with fists clenched and arms raised in a salute-like posture. The inscription on the print reads, 子供の健康一家の幸福 子供の元気国の力 ("Children's Health: The Happiness of the Family, Children's Vitality: The Strength of the Nation.") Physical fitness for all ages was "a core component of spiritual mobilization" a movement formalized by government decree in October 1937 to bring a wide range of nationalist organizations under government control to rally the nation for total war against China.
While these children look hail and robust, with the beginning of food rationing in 1940 and its expansion in 1941, children would experience a "health shock," suffering, along with the entire population, as food resources were increasingly allocated to the military.
The print carries the sample catalog number そ印 参百五 拾八號 (so in sanbyaku go jū hachi gō ). These numbered fan prints (uchiwa-e 団扇絵) were gathered into a sample book (uchiwa mihonchō 団扇見本帳, or uchiwa gachō 団扇画帖.) to show wholesale customers the range of available designs.